The difference in female and male neuro-muscular control, the way muscles contract and react, is one of four primary factors contributing to why women are more susceptible to knee injuries than men. Other discrepancies are anatomical (men and women are structurally differently), hormonal (women’s hormonal makeup affects the integrity of the ligament, making it more lax), and bio-mechanical (the positions our knees get in during athletic activities).
To counteract these preexisting inclinations, physical therapists recommend that female athletes perform a series of exercises to lower their increased chances of ACL tears.
A preventative program designed by a physical therapist would aim to improve strength, flexibility, and coordination, as well as to counteract incorrect existing patterns of movement that may be damaging to the athlete’s joints. These incorrect movement patterns may put them at greater risk for injuring their ACLs.